IEC TS 62033 pdf download – Uniformité de l’affaiblissement dans les fibres optiques Attenuation uniformity in optical fibres

IEC TS 62033 pdf download – Uniformité de l’affaiblissement dans les fibres optiques Attenuation uniformity in optical fibres

IEC TS 62033 pdf download – Uniformité de l’affaiblissement dans les fibres optiques Attenuation uniformity in optical fibres
1 Scope
This technical specification indicates the fundamental definitions for attenuation uniformity andoutlines the algorithms used to compute attenuation uniformity values from backscatteringmeasurements. Procedures for completing these measurements are given in lEC 60793-1-4-C1C.
2Normative references
The following normative documents contain provisions which,through reference in this text,constitute provisions of this technical specification. For dated references,subsequentamendments to,or revisions of,any of these publications do not apply. However,parties toagreements based on this technical specification are encouraged to investigate the possibilityof applying the most recent editions of the normative documents indicated below.For undatedreferences, the latest edition of the normative document referred to applies.Members of lECand lso maintain registers of currently valid lnternational Standards.
IEC 60793-1-4:1995,Optical fibres – Part 1: Generic specification – Section 4: Measuringmethods for transmission and optical characteristics
Terms and definitions
For the purpose of this technical specification, the terms and definitions given in lIEC 60793-1-4,together with the following terms and definitions apply.
attenuation uniformity
change in the attenuation coefficient over the length of an optical fibre or cable
optical time domain reflectometer (OTDR) trace
piot of backscattered power (dB) vs. position within the fibre or cable, or the data from whichthe plot is derived
bi-directional backscattering technique
completion of a backscattering measurement from each end of a fibre. A combination of thetwo traces (see equation 1) that yields accurate indications of attenuation for any section withinthe fibre or cable
Apparatus conforming to lEC 60793-1-4-C1C is used.
5 Test sample
The fibre is prepared in accordance with lEC 60793-1-4-C1C.
6 Test procedure
The procedure given in 9.4 of lEC 60793-1-4 is followed.
7 Calculations
Attenuation uniformity is based on the bi-directional backscattering technique [1]*. The bi-directional backscatter trace is represented as a function, y(z), with y being the back-scatteredpower (in decibels) and z being the position (in kilometres). It is computed by reversing theposition of each location of one of the uni-directional traces and computing the differencebetween the two uni-directional traces,divided by two,for each position. The bi-directionaltrace may be derived from multiple measurements or from appropriately filtered data having thesame effect.
The uniformity parameter,XA, is defined in terms of the sliding window (SW) algorithm in whichthe attenuation coefficient is evaluated across a fixed sub-length,L,(sliding window width) ofthe fibre, ideally sliding along the fibre, starting from each of a set of positions: z1,z2…. Theattenuation coefficient values at those positions can be represented as follows:
Alternatively,the fitted slope of the trace at the defined positions may be substituted for thevalues of A(z;L).
The uniformity parameter is the difference between the maximum of the A(z,L) values and theaverage attenuation coefficient of the whole fibre,given by its end-to-end attenuationcoefficient,&() as determined by any method in lEC 60793-1-4:
×A= max{A(z;L)} – a
For a given fibre, the value of Xg depends on the value of the sliding window length,L, and thedistance between the positions z-
Alternatively,the generalized sliding window(GsW) algorithm (see [2] and [3]) will providecoefficients,&r, and ,, such that for a defined range of L
max {A(z,L)= ar+i
is a baseline attenuation coefficient and & is a loss penalty parameter that allows scalingnon-uniformity with variable SW lengths. The Gsw parameters may be used to compute thesliding window maximum in equation (2) for a variety of sub-lengths,L.